Water Softener

Water Softener System Services

A water softener is a device for removing the hard minerals from your household water supply. Salt, or some other agent, is mixed with the water to dissolve the minerals and then these ions are removed from the softened water. This process softens hardness ions such as calcium and magnesium so they can be rinsed away in your home’s washing machine. It also produces a more stable pH level in your home’s water system. Minimizing the effects of hard minerals on clothes and skin, reducing scale in pipes and shower heads, decreasing soap scum residue on surfaces, and improving lathering of soap products.


Why use a water softener?

A water softener is a device that aims to remove the hardness minerals from your water. The result is a softer and less abrasive water, which will hopefully reduce wear and tear in your household appliances. Water with high levels of hardness minerals can lead to scale build-up on your dishwasher, washing machine, and other plumbing fixtures. This scale build-up can reduce efficiency of the appliance because it has to work harder in order to do its job. Fewer minerals also means that you’ll need to use more soap when doing laundry or dishes, which will use more detergent than necessary.


Structure of the water softener system

The internal structure of a water softener is composed of three major components: the brine tank, the resin bed, and the salt bridge. The brine tank is where the water goes to get softened. It contains a mixture of salt and water which softens the water. The resin bed is composed of many tiny beads that absorb hardness ions from the hard water and store them until they are flushed away with a fresh new batch. This process prevents their re-deposit in your pipes and appliances. The salt bridge is an important component that keeps all the other components working efficiently by providing continuous contact with fresh salt solution.

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Mechanism of a water softener

The mechanism of a water softener is based on ion exchange. When the water passes through the resin, it removes hardness minerals such as calcium and magnesium. The resin beads are then regenerated in a tank by adding salt to them. in a controlled manner.The water softening process uses water-soluble salts, such as sodium chloride, potassium chloride or magnesium sulfate, to soften the hardness of the water. In a typical system, hard water is softened by injecting salt brine into the resin beads inside of a tank where they absorb it into their structure and continue to release ions over time. This process is called ion exchange. , and can be accomplished by either pumping the softened water through a small tank of resin that has dissolved salt or a large tank of resin with a pump.The type of softening system used depends on the hardness of water supply and factors such as pipe size, pressure and complexity. For example, if the water supply is very hard for some reason, an ion exchange system might not be feasible. A brine-based process might also have to be employed in this scenario

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Frequently Asked Questions

Soft water is great for those who want to be healthy and avoid hard water. It’s easier on the hair, skin and nails. But it can also be used to effectively remove limescale from your kettle or dishwasher!

A water softener does this by replacing the calcium and magnesium ions with sodium ions. When you buy a new water softener, it will typically come with a salt delivery system that will add either table salt or rock salt to the device in order to soften your water. The process of replacing these minerals is called “ion exchange” and it happens naturally when you use a water softener.

The process of a water softener starts when you turn on the faucet or fill up the reservoir. The water flows through the inlet valve and into a hollow, cylindrical tank called a brine tank. Inside this tank is salt, which dissolves in the water and makes its way to the bottom of the tank. Your home’s incoming fresh supply of water flows into this brine tank and mixes with it, releasing hydroxyl ions (OH-) into the mix. When these hydroxyl ions combine with calcium particles (Ca++) they form insoluble calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). This reaction is called ion exchange and it happens when saltwater (or brine) chemically reacts with hard minerals found in tap water such as calcium, magnesium, iron etc., to form harmless sodium compounds

For the most part, water softeners can be either salt-based or water-based. Salt-based water softeners use sodium chloride to soften the water. On the other hand, water-based ones make use of ion exchange to remove magnesium and calcium ions.

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